- Always stop at the edge of a parked vehicle or curb. Look LEFT-RIGHT-LEFT for moving cars before crossing a street. Never cross a street before checking for traffic.
- Walk on sidewalks when available. If there are no sidewalks in the area, walk facing traffic as far off the road as possible.
- Never jaywalk – cross at designated crosswalks or signaled intersections.
- Always be aware of traffic.
- Try to be as visible as possible. If you are walking at night, wear light reflective clothing and carry a flashlight.
- Avoid drinking and walking.
- Use assistive devices as needed.
- Give yourself plenty of time to cross intersections.
Older adults are at the highest risk for motor vehicle crashes. Adolescents are at the second highest risk.
- Don’t drink and drive.
- Don’t text and drive.
- Minimize distractions like cell phones and music.
- Always yield to pedestrians. When making a right hand turn at a red light, make sure to look for pedestrians.
- Do not pass cars stopped at an intersection.
- Be especially cautious in residential areas and school zones.
- Be careful in poor weather conditions.
- Make sure to take medications as prescribed. Know the side effects of each medication consumed. Some medications may impair a person’s ability to safely operate a vehicle.
- Avoid left turns at busy intersections, especially when no turn light is present.
- Maintain a safe distance between vehicles.
- Be aware of your surroundings and watch your blind spots. When driving in a lane next to a truck or bus, stay visible in their side mirrors. Make sure the whole front end of another vehicle is visible before merging ahead of them. Only pass cars in passing zones and appropriate pass lanes.
- Follow traffic signs and drive the posted speed limit.
- Plan your route in advance to prevent getting lost.
- Be aware of current driving conditions, including weather and time of day/night. Slow down when weather conditions decrease visibility, and recognize that rain or snow can change the surface of the road top.
- Don’t drink and ride.
- Always wear a helmet.
- Watch out for traffic. Be courteous to other drivers.
- Follow street signs and ride in appropriate areas.
- Wear reflective clothing and wrap reflective tape on your bike to ensure you are visible to motor vehicles.
- Use signals when appropriate.
- Avoid wearing loose, baggy clothing, as it may get caught in a wheel.
- Wear appropriate shoes that offer protection and provide stability. Don’t wear sandals or backless shoes.
- Wear protective eyewear for long distances.
- Be aware of weather and road conditions.
- Never drink and drive.
- Avoid tailgating and treat other drivers with courtesy and respect.
- Avoid riding between lanes in traffic.
- Know and obey traffic laws. Go the speed limit and obey road signs.
- Use signals when appropriate.
- Be alert at intersections.
- Position yourself to be visible to surrounding drivers.
- Be aware of the hazards and traction in all weather conditions.
- Pass other vehicles only when safe, and only in appropriate passing zones.
- Watch out for obstructions or debris on the road.
- Watch out for children or animals that may enter the road.
- Know your motorcycle.
- Wear a helmet that has been approved by the Department of Transportation.
- Wear eye protection i.e. glasses, goggles, face shield.
- Wear durable material, like a jacket with long sleeves. Wear pants that aren’t baggy or flared. The more body area covered, the more protection from the pavement in the event of a crash.
- Wear gloves, preferably non-slip, to ensure a firm grip.
- Wear proper footwear. Leather boots are best. Sandals and sneakers are highly discouraged, as they provide little protection or stability.
- Avoid loose clothing or lacing that can drag or get caught.
Perform a pre-ride safety check using the following:
TIRES AND WHEELS
- Tires: Pressure correct (cold), tread condition. No cuts, bulges, punctures or foreign objects.
- Wheels: Spokes tight and intact; rims true; no free play when flexed; bearing seals intact; spin freely.
- Brakes: Firm feel; sufficient pad depth, no leaks or links in hoses or cables.
- Levers: Pivot bolt and nut; action and position correct; pivots lubed.
- Cables: Ends and shafts lubed; no fraying or kinks; no binding when handlebar turned; proper adjustment.
- Hoses: Check for damage or leaks, proper routing.
- Throttle: Snaps closed freely when released; no excess play.
- Brake and Taillight(s): All filaments work; both levers actuate brake light.
- Headlight: All filaments work; properly aimed; no damage.
- Lenses: Clean; no condensation; tight.
- Reflectors: Clean; intact.
- Battery: Fluid level; terminals clean and tight; held down securely; vent tube not kinked or mis-routed.
- Wiring: Check for pinching or fraying; properly routed; no corrosion.
OIL AND FLUIDS
- Levels: Brake fluid, oil, final drive, transmission, coolant, fuel.
- Leaks: Check all systems for leaks. injury-prevention
- Condition: Check color of brake fluid & coolant.
- Frame: Paint lifting or peeling may indicate cracking.
- Steering head & swing arm bearings: Lift wheels off floor, grab lower fork legs and pull and push to feel for play; repeat at rear. Turn fork to feel for detents in bearings.
- Suspension: Smooth movement; proper adjustment; no leaks.
- Chain or belt: Tension; lube, look for wear.
- Fasteners: Look for missing or loose threaded fasteners, clips, pins.
- Side stand: Retracts firmly; no bending or damage; cutout switch operates; spring intact.
- Center stand: Retracts firmly, no damage.
ATV/Dirt Bike Operation
- Don’t drink and drive.
- Wear an approved helmet.
- Know the terrain before riding. Only ride in appropriate and designated areas.
- Be aware of weather conditions and road conditions.
- Don’t ride alone.
- Become familiar with the bike and how it handles before riding.
- Don’t take risks – ride each bike as intended.
- Go the appropriate and safe speeds.
- Be aware of wildlife or other possible hazards.